Region I: Africa
Projects in the region
Flash Flood Guidance System with Global Coverage (FFGS)
Flash floods are among the world’s deadliest natural disasters with more than 5 000 lives lost annually. Their social, economic and environmental impacts are significant. Accounting for approximately 85% of flooding cases, flash floods also have the highest mortality rate among different classes of flooding, including riverine and coastal. Flash floods differ from river floods in their short time scales and occurrence on small spatial scales, which makes flash flood forecasting a different challenge from large-river flood forecasting. In flash floods forecasting, we are concerned mostly with the forecast of occurrence, and focus on two causative events: 1) intense rainfall; and 2) rainfall on saturated soils. Flash floods occur throughout the world, and the development times vary across regions from minutes to several hours depending on the land surface, geomorphological and hydrometeorological characteristics of the region. However, for the majority of these areas, there exists no formal process or capacity for developing flash flood warnings.
Full-Value chain Optimised Climate User-centric Services for Southern Africa (FOCUS-Africa)
FOCUS-Africa aims to deliver tailored climate services in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region in four key sectors: agriculture and food security, water, energy, and infrastructure. The full-value chain of climate services will be demonstrated by piloting eight case studies in six countries involving a wide range of end-uses and beneficiaries. The case studies will illustrate how the use of climate science, forecasts and projections can maximize socio-economic benefits to specific national private and public sectors in the region. Pathways to scale-up the pilot cases are included for the whole Africa continent through the Regional Climate Fora. The SADC countries are particularly vulnerable to climate variability, change and extremes: particularly water resources, agriculture, hydropower generation, ecosystems, and basic infrastructures are under stress as a result of increased frequency and intensity of floods, droughts and landslides. The development of improved climate information and forecasts of decision-relevant parameters are essential to address these challenges. Tailor forecasts such as rainfall onset and cessation are regularly requested by users, along with the associated skill information. Development and delivery of such products and services, and evaluation of socio-economic benefits are central to FOCUS-Africa. Both the science and the applications are targeted at specific requirements, capture through engagement with end-users through ongoing projects and consultations. Project end-users are either based, or have operations in Africa, and will therefore provide guidance on both the implementation and assessment of the case studies, and the ensuing delivery of the FOCUS-Africa climate services. Co-production between end users, climate scientists and sectoral service providers will also ensure effective delivery of climate services. The project will not only benefit the SADC-based users, but the European consortium partners will also greatly enhance their knowledge in both the science and climate services provision.
West Africa: Seamless Operational Forecast Systems and Technical Assistance for Capacity Building
West Africa is one of the most vulnerable regions to climate variability and change as it is exposed to climate shocks and stresses and has relatively low capacity to adapt. Hydrometeorological hazards, including droughts, sand and dust storms, flash floods and heavy rainfall result in loss of life and property.
CREWS Chad: Support the strengthening of national capacity to deliver climate, hydrometeorological and early warning services in selected sectors and communities
In Chad, CREWS supports the strengthening of national capacity to deliver climate, hydrometeorological and early warning services in selected sectors and communities. CREWS resources contributes to the improvement of the Government of Chad’s early warning services for drought, flooding and other severe climate and weather-related events by enhancing the capacities of national services in charge of meteorology and climate, hydrology, civil protection, and food security and piloting selected products, which could be replicated and scaled up by larger investment projects. To this scope, CREWS resources leverages additional financing in the area of hydromet and early warning systems by development partners, such as the World Bank Group, the Green Climate Fund and others from within the Africa Hydromet Program.
Agricultural Climate Resilience Enhancement Initiative (ACREI)
ACREI is a US$ 6.8 million project funded by the Adaptation Fund and implemented by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in partnership with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Climate Prediction and Applications Centre (ICPAC). The Greater Horn of Africa is highly vulnerable to extreme weather and climate events that severely impact the region’s mostly rain-fed agriculture. The risks to rural agro-pastoral livelihoods from drought and floods are enormous. Persistent and deteriorating food and nutrition insecurity remain a major concern. The limited access to climate information and technical support to enhance agricultural productivity, as well as the inadequate funding for response and adaptation options, exacerbate the situation.
Strengthening Hydro-Meteorological and Early Warning Services in the East Africa Region: CREWS East Africa
The four-year CREWS East Africa project, funding from CREWS, aims to improve Early Warning Services (EWS) in East Africa and develop the coverage of impact-based early warning services across Lake Victoria and surrounding communities to support the EAC EWS Vision 2025.The WMO supports in particular the institutional and human capabilities of NMHSs in the East African Community (EAC) region, improving the quality and availability of observational data and facilitate international collaboration and enhance regional capacity to produce and deliver short-term and severe weather forecasts. The project also intends to strengthen impact-based Early Warning Services, enhancing observational data exchange at regional level and upgrading the Weather and Climate Data Management System, NMHSs Public Weather Services infrastructure and the capacity to generate, customize and disseminate hydrometeorological early warning services. Furthermore, the project places a strong emphasis on promoting gender inclusion and addressing the needs of vulnerable groups throughout the entire EW-EA value chain in the region.
Climate Services Adaptation Programme in Africa: Malawi & Tanzania
Developing user-driven climate services for food security, health and disaster risk reduction in Malawi and Tanzania
Integrating Flood and Drought Management and Early Warning for Climate Change Adaptation in the Volta Basin (VFDM)
The Volta Flood and Drought Management (VFDM) project has the ambition to provide the first large scale and transboundary implementation of Integrated Flood and Drought Management strategies through the complete chain of End-to-End Early Warning System for Flood Forecasting and Drought Prediction. The project will empower the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) and other competent authorities of the six riparian countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mali and Togo) with robust and innovative solutions for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation, including capacity development for nature-based solutions and gender-sensitive participatory approaches.
Aircraft Meteorological Data Relay (AMDAR) for Kenya Airways
Kenya AMDAR is a WMO-led Public Private Partnership between the Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD) and Kenya Airways (KQ) for the establishment and operation of a meteorological observing program facilitating the automated reporting of meteorological atmospheric information from a fleet of aircraft. The AMDAR program uses the aircraft’s existing sensors, avionics and telecommunication systems to gather, process, and disseminate data. The data is used directly by KMD to improve the accuracy of weather forecasting services to aviation and public weather applications that meet sector-specific needs. The project also brings wider benefits to Kenya, the African continent and the global community through the positive impact of the use of data in applications associated with climate monitoring and prediction, environmental protection, agriculture, health, and disaster risk reduction. AMDAR expansion into the data-sparse regions, specifically Africa, will yield greater incremental benefits for developing and emerging markets, which in many cases are more vulnerable to weather-related phenomena than developed economies.