Region I: Africa

Africa is one of the world's most vulnerable regions to climate extremes, with 60% of the population not covered by any early warning systems. Africa is the second largest continent bounded by the Mediterranean and Red seas, the Indian and Atlantic Oceans, straddling both sides of the equator. It continues to face extreme weather events, floods, droughts, heatwaves, tropical cyclones and severe storms, heavy rains, and forest fires. 
Little African girl watering dry cabbage plants by hand under a cloudless blue sky.
Little African girl watering dry cabbage plants by hand under a cloudless blue sky.
Adobe Stock / Riccardo Niels Mayer

Africa's socio-economic landscape is diverse, marked by varying levels of development, economic activities, and social challenges, including extreme poverty rates, inequality, limited healthcare and education access, and political instability in some regions, and rapid urbanization, with potential for growth and innovation. Of significance, as of 2022, the United Nations designated 34 of the 46 globally recognized Least Developed Countries (LDCs) as located within the African continent.

The WMO Regional Office for Africa, headquartered in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, works with National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) across 53 Members in the region, to strengthen data exchange, operational capacities in monitoring and forecasting and to develop early warnings systems. as well as regional institutions and development partners. 

Collaboration between the WMO Regional Office for Africa and regional institutions, development partners, key stakeholders including ECA, AICCRA, AfDB, AU, and various United Nations agencies, is essential for resource mobilization, knowledge enhancement, and expertise exchange. The WMO Regional Office for Africa recognizes the vital role played by NMHSs in safeguarding populations and enhancing socio-economic resilience to climate-related challenges. Through the reinforcement of climate service value chains, we are committed to enhancing early warning systems and facilitating the sustainable development of African communities. To ensure comprehensive coverage, our Regional Office maintains two Representative Offices: one situated in Abuja, Nigeria, serving 27 countries in North, Central, and West Africa, and the other located in Nairobi, Kenya, catering to the Eastern and Southern African region, encompassing 26 countries.


Projects in the region

Full-Value chain Optimised Climate User-centric Services for Southern Africa (FOCUS-Africa)

FOCUS-Africa aims to deliver tailored climate services in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region in four key sectors: agriculture and food security, water, energy, and infrastructure. The full-value chain of climate services will be demonstrated by piloting eight case studies in six countries involving a wide range of end-uses and beneficiaries. The case studies will illustrate how the use of climate science, forecasts and projections can maximize socio-economic benefits to specific national private and public sectors in the region. Pathways to scale-up the pilot cases are included for the whole Africa continent through the Regional Climate Fora.  The SADC countries are particularly vulnerable to climate variability, change and extremes: particularly water resources, agriculture, hydropower generation, ecosystems, and basic infrastructures are under stress as a result of increased frequency and intensity of floods, droughts and landslides. The development of improved climate information and forecasts of decision-relevant parameters are essential to address these challenges. Tailor forecasts such as rainfall onset and cessation are regularly requested by users, along with the associated skill information. Development and delivery of such products and services, and evaluation of socio-economic benefits are central to FOCUS-Africa. Both the science and the applications are targeted at specific requirements, capture through engagement with end-users through ongoing projects and consultations. Project end-users are either based, or have operations in Africa, and will therefore provide guidance on both the implementation and assessment of the case studies, and the ensuing delivery of the FOCUS-Africa climate services. Co-production between end users, climate scientists and sectoral service providers will also ensure effective delivery of climate services.  The project will not only benefit the SADC-based users, but the European consortium partners will also greatly enhance their knowledge in both the science and climate services provision. 

WMO Offices in the region

WMO Regional Office for Africa (RAF)

Lideta Sub City  

Yared Street 

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 

New building (under construction): 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 


WMO Representative Office for Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) 

United Nations Complex, Gigiri 

Block P, Level 3, UN Avenue 

PO Box 1395-00606 

Nairobi, Kenya 

WMO Office in the Region for North, Central and West Africa (NCWA)

WING C, United Nations House 

Plot 617/618 Diplomatic Drive 

Central Area District PMB 2851 


Abuja, Nigeria