Region III: South America

The WMO Region III comprises 13 Member States that fall within the scope of the WMO Regional Office for the Americas (RAM). Its vast territory has landscapes and highlands ranging from the lush tropical forests in the Amazon to the glaciers of the southern tip of the continent, and from the estuaries of La Plata and Amazonia to the snow-capped peaks of the Andes. This geographical diversity is reflected in the rich biodiversity and diverse weather and climate of the region. 
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Lots of agriculture in the dry landscape in the Ocona river valley. Arequipa Region, Peru.
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Floods and droughts are the two major hazards increasing region’s vulnerability which are strongly related to climate variability, in particular El Niño-Southern Oscillation, and further exacerbated by climate change. Severe storms, landslides and forest fires also have significant impacts on the region, especially considering that northern Argentina, southern Brazil and Paraguay encompass the area with the highest lightning frequency in the world.  

To address the challenges imposed by climate change and local environmental constraints, among others, the Regional Office for the Americas actively collaborates with the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI), the Organization of American States (OAS) and Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE). The focus is also on contributing to the UN Sustainable Development Goals through the Issue-based Coalitions with the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR), the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). 

The socio-economic composition of Region III includes mainly developing economies with a couple of landlocked developing countries that on average have an upper-middle income, while the Human Development Index ranges from medium to very high.

Projects in the region

ENANDES+. Building Regional Adaptive capacity and resilience to climate variability and change in vulnerable sectors in the Andes, a contribution to scaling up the ENANDES project

ENANDES+ will support six of seven Andean countries in their climate adaptation and resilience efforts, scale up the ENANDES project, currently being implemented by WMO through the Adaptation Fund. With The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)contribution adding Argentina, Bolivia and Ecuador to the three original ENANDES countries, Chile, Colombia and Peru. The project will also involve all WMO regional institutions in South America, including the Regional Climate Centres for South and West of South America, and the Regional Training Centres in Peru and Argentina.In Argentina and Bolivia, an early warning system for flash flood warnings in the binational area of the Pilcomayo River Basin will be developed, allowing for a unique transnational approach to improve climate resilience and adaptation in the region. In Ecuador, the National Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (INAMHI) will work in the upper Pastaza River basin to produce frost warnings for small-scale family farms, and hydrometeorological forecasts to support the management of hydroelectric power plants.  In Peru, the National Meteorological and Hydrological Service will work with MeteoSwiss and WMO regional centres to ensure technical knowledge is available and equally distributed amongst project stakeholders. 

WMO Offices in the region

WMO Regional Office for the Americas (RAM)

Avda. Mariscal López 1146, esq. 22 de Septiembre, 3er Piso, Edificio del Ministerio de Defensa Nacional, Asunción, Paraguay