European State of the Climate 2023

22 April 2024

In 2023, the impacts of climate change continued to be seen across Europe, with millions of people impacted by extreme weather events, making the development of mitigation and adaptation measurements a priority. To achieve this, understanding climate trends is vital. The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), together with the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), today release the 2023 European State of the Climate report (ESOTC 2023). 

The report provides descriptions and analysis of climate conditions and variations from across the Earth system, key events and their impacts, and a discussion of climate policy and action with a focus on human health. The ESOTC also includes updates on the long-term evolution of key Climate Indicators.

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Key messages
  • 2023 was the joint warmest or second warmest year on record depending on the dataset
  • Average sea surface temperature for the ocean across Europe was highest on record
  • Adverse health impacts related to extreme weather and climate events is rising
  • Alps saw exceptional glacier ice loss
  • Record proportion of actual electricity generation by renewables in Europe, at 43%.

About the series

This State of the Climate in Europe report is produced jointly with the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service.