Region II: Asia

Asia is the Earth's largest and most diverse continent, covering 30% of the land area and hosting 60% of the global population, or over 4.75 billion people. It spans various sub-regions like the Middle East, Central Asia, and East Asia, and features a wide range of climates and geographies. The region is the most disaster-prone globally, experiencing frequent extreme events like typhoons and earthquakes. In the past 50 years, Asia has seen 3,612 disasters causing nearly a million deaths and $1.4 trillion in losses, nearly half of the world's total.
A white balloon sits in the middle of the desert.
Weather Balloon
Adobe Stock

Asia's socioeconomic landscape is equally diverse, housing some of the world's fastest-growing economies alongside eight Least Developed Countries. The region faces significant food and energy security challenges, exacerbated by climate change. WMO is committed to enhancing the region's resilience by improving weather and environmental services. Due to the socioeconomic diversity in this region, Members are actively investing in and sharing technology such as meteorological satellite technology, to foster collaboration and mutual benefits across the region. 

WMO collaborates with partners like the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR), the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) as well as the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) to develop multi-hazard early warning systems and engage in policymaking through robust scientific and socioeconomic data. This multi-sectoral approach aims to position Asia for sustainable development despite increasing environmental and economic challenges.

Projects in the region

Developing capacities for effective climate services in Bhutan

Climate services are key for adapting to climate variability and change and providing crucial climate information that assists individuals and organizations in society for improved decision-making in climate sensitive sectors. The Climate Services Information System (CSIS) is one of the five pillars and operational backbone of the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS).  Bhutan is a landlocked country located in the Eastern Himalayas, with altitudes ranging from 150 to 7500 metres above sea level (msl). It has three distinct climate zones: the southern belt (150 - 2000 msl) is characterized by a hot and humid climate, the central belt (2000 - 4000 msl) is characterized by a cool temperature and the northern belt (above 4000 msl) is characterized by an alpine climate. Due to its geographic location and the mountainous terrain, it is vulnerable to changes in climate. The Royal Government of Bhutan (RGoB) notes that addressing hydrometeorological disasters and strengthening of climate resilience are key priorities. One of the National Key Result Areas (NKRA) as part of the Twelfth Five Year Plan of RGoB (2018-2023) is to enhance capacity to respond, mitigate and adapt to climate change.  This project is aimed at developing the capacities of the National Centre for Hydrology and Meteorology (NCHM) for effective climate services in Bhutan which will be achieved via deployment of a customized Climate Services Toolkit (CST). NCHM will be able to apply climate services for decision making in climate sensitive sectors.

WMO Offices in the region

Regional Office for Asia and the South-West Pacific

36 Kim Chuan Road, 

Singapore 537054 



WMO Inter-Regional Representative Office for the Arab Region (IOAR)

United Nations House 69 

Road 1901, Hoora 319  
PO Box 26814,  
Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain