WMO的性别平等

WMO致力于在其治理、工作结构、计划、服务提供以及促进妇女在科学和气象领域就业等方面将性别问题主流化,以实现性别平等。

WMO性别平等的目标是通过平等聘用机会,充分发挥男女双方的专业及人力潜力,并根据男女不同的需求,积极提供细致入微的、更好的环境服务。

WMO支持改善妇女获取技术、信息、科学教育和技术培训的机会,并支持加强女科学家和女技术人员的地位。确保妇女拥有平等获取科学教育和技术的机会,是确保WMO及其会员提供的天气、水和气候服务为全球社会(无论男女老幼)服务的重要催化剂。

促进联合国可持续发展目标

目标5:实现性别平等,增强所有妇女和女童的权能 - 男女受天气和气候的影响会有不同。在减轻灾害风险、公共卫生、水资源管理和农业及粮食安全等领域,性别敏感问题尤为突出。WMO旨在根据男女不同的需求,积极提供细致入微的、更好的天气、气候、水文、海洋和其他环境服务,使其生活有所改观。

WMO性别问题行动计划 

SDG5: Gender equality
促进联合国可持续发展目标
本组织决心努力实现性别平等、增强妇女权能、建设更具气候复原力的社会。为此,它致力于在其治理、工作结构、计划和服务提供中将性别问题主流化。它还决心在科学和气象领域吸引更多妇女。WMO性别平等的目标是通过平等聘用机会,充分发挥男女双方的专业及人力潜力。

Policy and resolutions

The WMO Policy on Gender Equality was adopted by the seventeenth World Meteorological Congress in June 2015 as Annex to Resolution 59 (Cg-17). Its purpose is to promote, encourage and facilitate gender equality across WMO and to establish a mechanism by which progress can be measured. Originally formulated in 2007, the Policy was amended in 2015 to incorporate the outcomes of the Conference on the Gender Dimensions of Weather and Climate Services (Conference Report), address gaps identified in the Progress Report, and reflect existing good practice.

The WMO Gender Equality Policy is operationalized through the WMO Gender Action Plan which identifies concrete actions for all parts of the Organization (Secretariat, constituent bodies, Members). The Action Plan is reviewed every four years, progress in implementation measured and priority actions for the following four years identified. Concrete actions are provided in seven policy areas: governance, strategic planning, monitoring and compliance, capacity development, human resources, communication and partnerships, resource tracking and allocation, and service provision.

The first WMO Gender Action Plan was endorsed in June 2016 by the WMO Executive Council (Decision 77 (EC-68)), outlining priority actions for 2016-2019. An updated Gender Action Plan was adopted by the eighteenth World Meteorological Congress in June 2019, setting priority actions for 2020-2023, ranging from approving a target of 40% female representation in governance, systematic collection and use of sex-disaggregated data, strengthening capacity on gender analysis, developing women's leadership skills through Women's Leadership Workshops, promoting female role models working in meteorology, hydrology, climatology and environmental science etc.

The Executive Council Advisory Panel of Experts on Gender Mainstreaming is the main body overseeing, advising and reporting on the implementation of gender mainstreaming activities at all levels of WMO. Its terms of reference are defined in Resolution 2 (EC-67) of the WMO Executive Council. The WMO Secretariat assists the Panel in all its activities, collects data and compiles relevant reports, coordinates gender mainstreaming action across the Organization, and operationalizes the decisions and recommendations of WMO governance bodies with respect to gender mainstreaming.

Resolutions and decisions

Congress and Executive Council


Constituent Bodies

Technical Commissions


Regional Associations